The Dalton Plan is the educational method put forward by Helen Parkhurst in 1908 in the United States. In an attempt to rectify the ills of the school system of the time, Parkhurst advocated the Dalton Laboratory Plan, which customizes subjects and study locations to match the student’s ability and needs so that each individual can work to self-driven study plans.
In 1919, based upon this plan, Parkhurst opened a small school in the town of Dalton in the State of Massachusetts. The Dalton School was originally called the Children’s University School because of its goal of fostering intellectual interest and a keen, inquiring mind in every child. Since relocating to a residential area near Central Park in New York in 1922, the Dalton School has sent many students out into the world after they completed its integrated educational program, which covers from infancy to senior high school.
The Dalton Plan has three parts, which are based upon the two principles of freedom and cooperation.